Home » Posts tagged "implementation"

The role of built environment practitioners in the implementation of the constitution of kenya



The new constitution clearly states that every person in Kenya as a right to adequate housing:

Economic and social rights
Section 43. (1) Every person has the right—
(a) to the highest attainable standard of health, which includes the right to health care services, including reproductive health care;
(b) to accessible and adequate housing, and to reasonable standards of sanitation;
(c) to be free from hunger, and to have adequate food of acceptable quality;
(d) to clean and safe water in adequate quantities;
(e) to social security; and
(f) to education..

For Kenya to provide adequate housing to its citizens, the Built Environment practitioners will have to think outside the box and provide a sustainable solution.

Demand for housing in Kenya is estimated at a deficit of between 100,000 to 200,000 units per year. This demand has resulted in high housing prices hence unaffordable and unsustainable to many Kenyans.


Use of new building technology that lowers the cost of construction will be one way of making housing accessible to all in Kenya. The new Building code should allow for other methods and construction materials such as prefabricated housing ,Structural Insulated Panel housing and adobe construction. This will open up completely new industries as practitioners in the built environment come up with new building materials and methods of construction as they experiment with the already existing ones such as prefabricated housing.



Building technology techniques that use locally available materials to construct at a much lower cost will come a long way in ensuring adequate housing to all Kenyans. In recent years, we have seen several Kenyan architects who have come up with unique methods of lowering construction by use of locally available materials with unique technology.

 A good example is Nakuru-based Architect Dumas’ NewBuild technology available at Ministry of Housing that reduces use of Reinforced Concrete on masonry house construction.



Use of Information Technology[ IT ]

IT can also lower the cost of construction in that once creative Built Environment practitioners set up web applications that can enable people easily access information regarding material costs and be able to tender out their house designs to potential contractors, this will lower the cost of construction in the long run. A good example is Nairobi –based QS Nahinga’s http://www.ujenzibora.com/    who has developed an application that allows for online tender submission and quoting.

Other online IT methods such as online consultancy that reduces the frequency of face-to –face meetings will eventually reduce the cost of construction. The never-ending Nairobi traffic jams usually result to a lot of time and fuel wastage which is added upon the cost of consultancy hence high housing costs. These IT interventions might not seem to save a lot of money initially due to the fact that very few Kenyans have access to the internet but in the end, once more research is put into them ,the net result will be a major reduction in the overall cost of housing as seen in new technologies such as M-Pesa.


There are other interventions in lowering the overall housing costs such as provision of lower mortgage and provision of infrastructure.

Solutions to lower the cost of housing in terms of use of building technology and IT lay squarely in the Built Environment practitioner’s court hence such interventions will go a long way to ensure that there is a reduction in the cost of housing in Kenya now that housing is a right to Kenyans.

J.F Kennedy’s[ 1917-1963]- famous words conclude:: “And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country. 

My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. 

Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own. “

About the Author:


Architect Francis Gichuhi Kamau graduated from University of Nairobi School of Architecture in 2001 and is a registered Architect practicing in Kenya. He researches on Architectural solutions to Affordable Housing in Kenya.


Architect Francis Gichuhi Kamau graduated from University of Nairobi School of Architecture in 2001 and is a registered Architect practicing in Kenya. He researches on Architectural solutions to Affordable Housing in Kenya.





Passport photo of Architect Francis Gichuhi Kamau: Click the link below:


Article from articlesbase.com

A Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) isued to block implementation of the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act (IMBRA) — European Connections & Tours, Inc. vs. Gonzalez, et al., No. 1:06-cv-00426-CC, U.S.D.C., N.D. Ga. (Temporary Restraining Order, March 07, 2006, Cooper, D.J.)

Crestview, FL (PRWEB) March 10, 2006

Citizens Against Dating Discrimination (CADD), U.S. international online dating Webmasters.

United States District Judge Clarence Cooper out of the Northern District of Georgia Atlanta Division issued the TRO on March 7, 2006, barring the government from enforcing the International Marriage Broker Act of 2005 against European Connections & Tours Inc. A Preliminary Injunction Hearing in this matter is now scheduled for March 20, 2006. (European Connections & Tours, Inc. vs. Gonzalez, et al., No. 1:06-cv-00426-CC, U.S.D.C., N.D. Ga.)

CADD’s stance is that IMBRA fails to protect immigrant women from abuse and also violates American men’s privacy rights in the process.

As one CADD member said:

“This law requires international dating webmasters to be policemen and collect background information on male members. The law requires this background information to be forwarded to any lady a male wants to meet at the introduction stage without regard to his privacy. Without the gentleman getting to know the lady,this information could be used as leverage by an unethical lady for financial gain and U.S. law has no jurisdiction in her country to stop her from spreading his personal information throughout the internet.”

CADD maintains that it is not fair for giant sites like Match.com to be exempt from doing background checks. Members of CADD are appalled at the law’s hypocrisy for protecting immigrant women from abuse by exempting larger corporate sites like Match.com and other similar corporate dating sites from having to abide by the law’s guidelines.

One CADD member said that we have asked the following question of feminist, politicians, and other supporters of IMBRA and yet to get an adequate answer:

“If the intent of IMBRA is to protect immigrant women from abuse, why exempt larger corporate sites with their huge male membership base of U.S. men interested in meeting immigrant women?”

Further elaboration by the same CADD member said:

“Immigrant women are just as likely to meet an abusive male on one of these larger exempted sites and maybe even more so since they have a larger male membership base than many of the smaller international sites combined”

In CADD’s research they found that Federal judges don’t often issue a TRO barring the enforcement of a federal law. CADD believes the court has shown a substantial likelihood of prevailing in this case on the merits of IMBRA being unconstitutional, unfair business practice, an invasion of male’s privacy and does not offer substantial proof that the law’s intent to protect immigrant women from abuse has merit without prejudice and equality under the law.

As one CADD member said:

“We have been working night and day to save our mom and pop websites. But, more importantly, to preserve our freedoms, liberties and the right to date whom we want without concerns that our personal information will be used as public record by citizens from other countries. It’s a tough law to fight because of popular buzz words like human trafficking, but we ask the politicians and lawmakers to look beyond the buzz words. Instead, look at the law’s prejudice and unjust implications to U.S. male citizens while at the same time it imposes stiff requirements on smaller international sites and exempts larger corporate sites with their huge male membership base.”

CADD’s other Public Release addressed many of our concerns about this law and even addressed a common sense solution at: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2006/3/prweb354100.htm CADD believes that once lawmakers read the law (it was passed on a simple undemocratic “voice vote” in the House and a “unanimous consent” vote by the Senate) it will be repealed and replaced with common sense legislation.

CADD believes that IMBRA cannot survive serious legal challenges or media scrutiny. As stated on page 9 of the certified statement by European Connections:

“The number of foreign women profiled who are listed on websites exempted by law such as Match.com, Yahoosingle.com and Friendfinder.com dwarf the total number of profiles listed by International Marriage Brokers worldwide. For example, I have performed a search at Friendfinder.com. I found 354,166 foreign and 553,976 women listed on their site. None of these women, whether foreign or national, are protected by the act.”

CADD believes the government should repeal IMBRA now, work on common sense laws to protect U.S. male’s privacy and provide practical solutions to protecting immigrant women from abuse without causing undo hardship to smaller international dating sites in favor of exempting larger sites from the same requirements. Until such time, CADD and its members will work hard to raise awareness about these issues.


The following links are to documents issued by U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia

Certified Court Statement by European Connections: http://www.online-dating-rights.com/pdf/ConBrief.pdf

Brief by Lawyer for European Connections: http://www.online-dating-rights.com/pdf/ConBrief.pdf

TRO issued by the court: http://www.online-dating-rights.com/pdf/TRO.pdf

You can read IMBRA 2005 here: http://www.online-dating-rights.com/pdf/IMBRA2005.pdf

The following website is a place to discuss our online dating rights: http://www.online-dating-rights.com